This handbook is a concise guide for all those who aim at obtaining a basic knowledge of European tax law. Designed for students, it should be useful as well for experienced international tax specialists with little knowledge of European law, European law specialists who are reluctant to approach the technicalities of direct taxation and non-Europeans who deal with Europe for business or academic reasons and need to understand the foundations of European tax law. The authors also consider that this book can be useful to academics without a legal background in order to approach the technical issues raised by European Union tax law. During the past two years the growing role of state aids and EU fundamental rights have confirmed the trend that steers them towards having an equivalent impact on direct taxation as compared to the one traditionally had by fundamental freedoms. This edition contains selected relevant information available as of 30 June 2020.
This book is intended to meet a range of different needs and to cater for different levels of knowledge about employee ownership. If you are considering making your company employee-owned or you are advising someone going through that process, and in either case are new to the topic, you can build up your knowledge levels from Chapter 1. Alternatively, the book can be used as a reference work if you have a particular question to answer.
The book is intended as practical guide rather than a highly detailed technical treatise. Its priority is to explain key issues in an accessible fashion and to raise awareness of where further exploration and advice may be important.
A comparative guide
The book reviews the evolution of labour law within the EU, analyses the distinct regional approaches to employment and welfare, and looks at the pressures for change within a further enlarged EU. The authors then provide a basic outline of employment law in each of the 28 member states, and in Turkey, Montenegro and Bosnia Herzegovina (all of whom are preparing for membership). It is intended for HR persons, lawyers looking for basic knowledge, policymakers & lawmakers elsewhere in EU, and EU bodies.
VAT and Financial Services takes the reader through the relevant legislation case law, and legal concepts; examines the consequences of outsourcing; looks at the key issues facing financial services and insurance; and discusses the VAT cost sharing exemption. Since the first edition there have been significant developments in the area of pensions management and VAT charged on investment management for pension schemes. Also includes the new and developing area of cryptocurrencies such as Bitcoin.
Employment-Related Securities and Unlisted Companies is written with mainly private or unlisted companies in mind and explains in depth how the employment related securities (‘ERS’) rules in ITEPA 2003, Part 7 apply to employee share acquisitions generally, including:
- Securities as earnings
- Restricted or convertible securities
- Securities acquired for less than market value
- Securities disposed of for more than their market value
- Post-acquisition benefits connected with securities
- Securities acquired under options
The book also explores employee share acquisitions through various means, the relevant capital gains tax rules and corporation tax relief for employee share acquisitions. Basic share valuation methodology is discussed and though PAYE and NICs do not apply generally to unlisted company shares/securities, they may apply where a market exists for the securities or on the occurrence of events related to ERS. Lastly, the compliance requirements with regard to online registration of schemes, annual returns, penalties etc, are also featured.
This guide provides analysis of the new 2014 TUPE Amendment Regulations including:
- the scope to “service provision changes” (i.e. outsourcing/contracting-out and in), as well as clarification of the Regulation 3;
- key changes relating to transfer dismissals and changes to terms and conditions;
- pensions obligations under TUPE;
- clarified ‘joint‘consultation rights;
- the confusing application of TUPE where the transferor is insolvent.
This book is a practical guide to the very practical subject of Tax Due Diligence. It aims to show that tax due diligence is not a commodity by leading the reader through the tax due diligence process and explaining at each stage how to extract the maximum value from tax due diligence.
VAT and Government Departments is both a reference manual and a practical guide for those managing VAT in Government Departments, their advisers and key suppliers. Government Department VAT has recently been the subject of an HMRC consultation and review with new guidance published in 2015 (consolidated with revised NHS guidance).
A technical guide
VAT & the NHS is both a reference manual and a practical guide to managing VAT in the NHS. The book provides a comprehensive overview of VAT in the context of the NHS. It does not assume that readers are specialists in either subject, which means it should have a wide appeal among finance staff within the NHS as well as general practitioner accountants and VAT consultants. The second edition of VAT & the NHS is based on published HMRC and HM Treasury guidance and policy and on current case law and legislation in force as at 30 June 2016 and is revised to include the recent structural changes in the NHS and developments arising from the Budget 2015 and 2016 (as well as the potential implications of Brexit).
The book helps to identify all of the issues in the tax relevant to the NHS and in a logical analysis explain these from an NHS compliance perspective and in relation to the organisational activities of the NHS (providing further references where appropriate if more detailed information is required). For reference there is a Glossary of Terms, a list of Definitions and a list of References.
Guidance on the application of VAT to UK property transactions and the property sector
This book offers clear and practical guidance on the application of VAT to property transactions providing assistance to individuals, property businesses and professionals. It covers guidance on VAT and property issues including: residential, commercial, charitable and mixed-use property, housing associations, protected buildings, and caravans. VAT refund schemes, the capital goods scheme and TOGC issues are also covered.
Includes detailed HMRC guidance and forms on CD-ROM
An International Perspective
This book's principal theme is the taxation of permanent establishments, taking as its starting point the OECD (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development) model convention on the avoidance of double taxation, and examining how the Indian courts and India's law-makers have interpreted the rules governing attribution of profits.
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A user's guide
Insurance Premium Tax is a guide for practitioners and those involved in the insurance industry. It summarises how the IPT is applied in practice, the definition of an insurance contract, looks at exemptions from the tax, the application of the higher rate and issues affecting non UK risks and global policies. It also explores compliance issues such as IPT registration, the submission of returns and payment of the tax, changes in rates and the penalty regime.