The Tax Schedule

A Guide to Warranties and Indemnities (third edition)

The Tax Schedule explains the underlying rationale of the key provisions of the tax schedule, and provides updated model long-form and short-form warranties and tax indemnities. These are also included on a disk, so that practitioners can download and adapt the model documents for their own transactions. Since January 2014 we have witnessed continued erosion of the powers of the tax evasion industry including a new Targeted Anti-Avoidance Rule (TAAR), increased penalties and new HMRC powers, major changes the taxation of UK property for non-UK residents and non-UK domiciles, and a recently introduced investors’ relief, similar to entrepreneurs’ relief but which is available to non-employees and directors. The book has been updated to reflect these developments. This edition contains an extended glossary, details of new investor relief schemes and changes in legislation as announced as at 15 September 2016.

The intended readership of the book is tax lawyers, tax accountants, corporate lawyers, corporate advisors and finance directors who are involved in the process of the sale of a company.

Need more than one copy?

If there is just one copy in the library, it may not be there when you need it. Buy one copy at full price, and extra copies can be bought at half price using the discount code TS2HP

Category: Business, Tax

The Tax Schedule explains the underlying rationale of the key provisions of the tax schedule, and provides updated model long-form and short-form warranties and tax indemnities. These are also included on a disk, so that practitioners can download and adapt the model documents for their own transactions.

Since January 2014 we have witnessed continued erosion of the powers of the tax evasion industry including a new Targeted Anti-Avoidance Rule (TAAR), increased penalties and new HMRC powers, major changes the taxation of UK property for non-UK residents and non-UK domiciles, and a recently introduced investors’ relief, similar to entrepreneurs’ relief but which is available to non-employees and directors. The book has been updated to reflect these developments.

The purpose of the book  is to explain and simplify issues for tax advisors involved in transactions of buying and selling companies and business, enabling negotiations between tax advisors to keep sight of the commercial reality of the transaction (a sale by a willing seller to a willing buyer). The purpose of the tax schedule is to determine where responsibilities and risks will lie following the completion of the transaction, as well as to re-examine a number of so-called ‘market practices’.

The intended readership of the book is tax lawyers, tax accountants, corporate lawyers, corporate advisors and finance directors who are involved in the process of the sale of a company.

This edition contains an extended glossary, details of new investor relief schemes and changes in legislation as announced as at 15 September 2016.

Need more than one copy?

If there is just one copy in the library, it may not be there when you need it. Buy one copy at full price, and extra copies can be bought at half price using the discount code TS2HP

The Tax Schedule explains the underlying rationale of the key provisions of the tax schedule, and provides updated model long-form and short-form warranties and tax indemnities. These are also included on a disk, so that practitioners can download and adapt the model documents for their own transactions. Since January 2014 we have witnessed continued erosion of the powers of the tax evasion industry including a new Targeted Anti-Avoidance Rule (TAAR), increased penalties and new HMRC powers, major changes the taxation of UK property for non-UK residents and non-UK domiciles, and a recently introduced investors’ relief, similar to entrepreneurs’ relief but which is available to non-employees and directors. The book has been updated to reflect these developments. This edition contains an extended glossary, details of new investor relief schemes and changes in legislation as announced as at 15 September 2016.

The intended readership of the book is tax lawyers, tax accountants, corporate lawyers, corporate advisors and finance directors who are involved in the process of the sale of a company.

Need more than one copy?

If there is just one copy in the library, it may not be there when you need it. Buy one copy at full price, and extra copies can be bought at half price using the discount code TS2HP

Preface

Table of contents

Table of authorities

Glossary

1   THE TRANSACTIONAL PROCESS

1.1                   Background Issues

1.2                   Pre-completion Clearances

1.3                   Post-completion clearances

1.4                   Transactions and Clearances with EU Dimension

1.5                   Employee Share Scheme Matters

1.6                   Buyer’s Issues

1.7                   Seller’s Issues

1.8                   Negotiating the Tax Schedule

1.9                   Completion Issues

1.10     Post-completion Matters

2   DUE DILIGENCE

2.1                   Overview

2.2                   The Buyer’s Tax Due Diligence Report

2.3                   The Seller’s Tax Due Diligence Report

2.4                   The Disclosure Process

2.5                   Measuring the Risk

2.6                   Due Diligence in the Purchase of a Business

2.7                   Tax Due Diligence in the Purchase of a Company

3   WARRANTIES

3.1                   Overview

3.2                   Warranties in Due Diligence

3.3                   Disclosures against Tax Warranties

3.4                   Accounts, Tax Computations and Payments

3.5                   Administration and Tax Compliance

3.6                   Advance Corporation Tax (ACT)

3.7                   Anti-avoidance

3.8                   Associated Companies

3.9                   Capital Allowances

3.10     Chargeable Gains

3.11     Clearances

3.12     Close Companies

3.13     The Construction Industry Scheme (CIS)

3.14     Controlled Foreign Companies (CFC)

3.15     Corporation Tax

3.16     Deferred tax

3.17     Demergers and Exempt Distributions

3.18     Disclosure of Tax Avoidance Schemes (DOTAS)

3.19     Distributions and Dividends

3.20     Dormant Companies

3.21     Employment-Related Tax Issues

3.22     Group Issues

3.23     Inheritance Tax

3.24     Insolvency Issues

3.25     Intellectual Property

3.26     Land and Property Issues

3.27     Loan Relationships

3.28     National Insurance Contributions (NICs)

3.29     PAYE

3.30     Penalties Regime

3.31     Research and Development (R&D)

3.32     Residency issues

3.33     Secondary Tax Liabilities

3.34     Self-assessment

3.35     Stamp Taxes

3.36     Transfer pricing and non-arm’s length transactions

3.37     Value Added Tax

3.38     Value Shifting and Depreciatory Transactions

4   SALE AND PURCHASE OF A COMPANY

4.1                   Background issues

4.2                   Issues for the buyer

4.3                   Taxation issues for the seller

4.4                   Dealing with Target’s Pre-completion Debts

4.5                   Accounts and Completion Accounts

4.6                   Structuring the Consideration

5   SALE AND PURCHASE OF A BUSINESS

5.1                   General Overview

5.2                   Commercial Considerations

5.3                   Due Diligence

5.4                   Tax Issues

5.5                   VAT and Transfers as a Going Concern (TOGC)

6   SPECIAL SITUATIONS

6.1                   Insolvencies and Administrations

6.2                   The Locked Box Mechanism

6.3                   Public Listings and Offerings

6.4                   Partnerships

7   SHARE SCHEME ISSUES

7.1                   Overview

7.2                   Corporation tax relief – a important negotiating issue

7.3                   Tax issues arising in respect of share incentive schemes

7.4                   Roll-over options

7.5                   Takeover Code Issues

7.6                   Administrative and Reporting Requirements for HMRC Approved Schemes

7.7                   Partly Paid Shares

7.8                   Disguised Remuneration Rules

7.9                   Recommendations by the Office of Tax Simplifications

8   VENTURE CAPITAL SCHEMES

8.1                   The Enterprise Investment Scheme

8.2                   Seed Enterprise Investment Scheme

8.3                   Venture Capital Trusts

8.4                   Corporate Venturing Scheme (CVS)

9   GROUP ISSUES

9.1                   Chargeable Gains Groups

9.2                   Corporation Tax Groups

9.3                   Group Payment Arrangements

9.4                   Intangible Assets

9.5                   Loan Relationships

9.6                   Stamp Duty

9.7                   Stamp Duty Land Tax (SDLT)

9.8                   Substantial Shareholdings

9.9                   VAT Groups

10 THE TAX SCHEDULE IN THE SALE AND PURCHASE OF A COMPANY

10.1     Background Issues

10.2     Drafting Principles

10.3     Short Form or Long Form Tax Schedule?

10.4     Tax Liabilities

10.5     An Accounts Deal

10.6     A Completion Accounts Deal

10.7     The Seller’s Indemnity

10.8     Limitations

10.9     De Minimis and Maximum Caps

10.10   Third Party Recovery

10.11   Overprovisions

10.12   Reliefs and Savings

10.13   Mitigation and/or Shared Pre-completion Tax Reliefs

10.14   Buyer’s Indemnity

10.15   Conduct Provisions

10.16   Gross-up and Withholdings

10.17   Zim Properties

APPENDIX 1.            LONG FORM TAX SCHEDULE

APPENDIX 2.            SHORT FORM TAX SCHEDULE

APPENDIX 3.            LONG FORM TAX WARRANTIES FOR THE SALE OF A COMPANY

APPENDIX 4.            TAX WARRANTIES FOR THE SALE OF A BUSINESS

APPENDIX 5.            HMRC INFORMATION & INSPECTION POWERS

APPENDIX 6.            TIME LIMITS FOR ASSESSMENTS & CLAIMS AND RELATED MATTERS

APPENDIX 7.            HMRC CLEARANCES

APPENDIX 8.            OVERVIEW OF HMRC APPROVED EMPLOYEE INCENTIVE SCHEMES

8.1.      Approved Share Incentive Plans (“SIPs”)

8.2.      Approved Company Share Option Plans (“CSOPs”)

8.3.      Enterprise Management Incentives (EMIs)

8.4.      Approved SAYE Option Scheme

APPENDIX 9.            EIS OVERVIEW CHECKLIST

APPENDIX 10.          SEIS OVERVIEW CHECKLIST

APPENDIX 11.          VCT CHECKLIST

APPENDIX 12.          PENALTIES AND ERRORS

APPENDIX 13.          DOTAS LEGISLATION

APPENDIX 14.          COMPANIES ACT 2006 – PART 28, CHAPTER 3

APPENDIX 15.          THE TAKEOVER CODE RULE 15

INDEX

Bics
Imprint
Spiramus Press
Publisher
Spiramus Press
Language
English
Product Format
Hardback
Dimensions
234 x 156
Publication Date
20 Oct 2016
Number of Pages
580
ISBN
9781910151280
Edition
3
Product Format
PDF
Dimensions
234 x 156
Publication Date
30 Sep 2016
Number of Pages
580
ISBN
9781910151297
Edition
3